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History
74 results

Industrialization (Kopie)

This DVD treats the different working and living conditions of people in the Ruhr valley around the year 1900 and refers to the thesis of the sociologist Li Fischer-Eckert. She conducted interviews with working class women on their living conditions in the workers’ housing estates in 1911 and 1912. Based on her findings, she divided the workers in four classes: The first one has a “cosy home without luxury or deprivations”, those in the second class live “on the verge of deprivation”, the poorer workers “are defeated by unfavourable conditions” and those in the fourth class live in “complete neglect”. With the kitchen-cum-living-rooms set up in the Ruhrland Museum, which are shown and described in the film in an impressive way, a direct insight is offered into the workers’ lives. Furthermore, work in heavy industry and mining, the strict reign of the employers as well as the changes in social policy and the workers’ fight for their rights are discussed.

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American Indians

Who were the first people in America? The native inhabitants of this continent are called Indians, and they are just as diverse as the peoples in Europe. North America is divided into Nine Native American Culture Regions and the film goes into detail about the Indians of the north-eastern and south-eastern Woodlands, the Indians of the Southwest and the Plains Indians. Adapted to the landscape and climate, different forms of culture evolved – from simple Stone Age humans and nomadic life styles to advanced cultures with cities and sophisticated societies. Thus, the Indians of the north-eastern woodlands already lived in a democratic society, which became the basis for the American Constitution. European colonisation reduced the number of Native Americans by diseases, wars and displacement. The film concludes with an outlook on Indian life in the United States today.

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Sigmund Freud II

At the beginning of the year 1900, Freud lived in a scientific isolation that he himself referred to as a kind of “splendid isolation” that allowed his ideas to develop without interference. It was the time when the results of the research on psychoanalysis began to show consistency. In his private life, Freud took care of his family and friends. Finally, on 1st April 1902, he was appointed honorary professor after his application with the university had been rejected several times due to his Jewish origins. In 1905 Freud published “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality”. The book caused a scandal. Psychoanalysis still met with objections, criticism and indifference. QUOTE FROM SIGMUND FREUD “Psychoanalysis as a science is not characterised by the matter it treats but by the technique it employs. It intends and does nothing but the disclosure of the unconscious of the psyche.”

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Stone Age

About 2,606,000 years ago, that is 52,120 generations before us, the first and at the same time longest period of human history began - the Stone Age. The film provides an overview of life during the Palaeolithic, the Mesolithic and the Neolithic. We get to know the various decades and the typical human ways of life resulting from them. The development from nomads, who were hunters and gatherers, up to sedentary humans who lived in small village communities is vividly described. We learn that already the early Stone Age people possessed an understanding of art, buried their dead, and see the significant advancement of their weapons and tools. Terrific diagrams convey an idea of the appearance of Stone Age animals and allow us to delve into the world of our ancestors.

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Genghis Khan

They appeared all of a sudden, as if from nowhere. Wild Mongol hordes on horseback overrun the Asian Steppes and Russian expanses at the beginning of the 13th century. Nobody can hold up their triumphal march. The leader of the Mongols is Genghis Khan, a merciless conqueror and visionary statesman. His myth is still topical today. The myth of Genghis Khan, the “Apocalyptic Horseman”. The film describes the development of the young Temujin to one of the greatest generals in history. Impressive pictures show the live of Genghis Khan from the cradle to the grave. By maps used systematically, his military campaigns are shown and a timeline, which is repeatedly displayed, provides the dates of the conquests. This way, pupils can gain a better understanding of the campaigns and remember the dates better. Interesting bonus material on 13th century Europe and comprehensive accompanying material invite you to cover all aspects of the topic. Thus, history lessons become an impressive experience.

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The Border

The DVD helps students, who have no first-hand recollection of the partition of Germany, to approach this problem. The film illustrates the historical development of the inner- German border from 1945 to 1989. The example of Point Alpha also sheds some light on the Cold War – not without reason, the camp has been considered the „hottest spot of the Cold War“. Photos of the German Border Police, pictures from the exhibitions at the memorial Point Alpha near Fulda and the „house at the border“ create a vivid impression of the partition of Germany. Ninth-form students interviewed contemporary witnesses for the film: one of the American commanders at Camp Point Alpha (Steven Steininger), the former mayor of Fulda (Dr. Wolfgang Hamberger) and two border guards of the West German Border Police, Erwin Ritter and Gerd Leinert. Bertold Dücker describes his escape across the border. After the almost complete dismantling of the border installations, only few remains of the former border can still be seen today. The film provides background material and points out Running Time: 22:29 ms how important it is to visit the memorial.

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Industrialization

This DVD treats the different working and living conditions of people in the Ruhr valley around the year 1900 and refers to the thesis of the sociologist Li Fischer-Eckert. She conducted interviews with working class women on their living conditions in the workers’ housing estates in 1911 and 1912. Based on her findings, she divided the workers in four classes: The first one has a “cosy home without luxury or deprivations”, those in the second class live “on the verge of deprivation”, the poorer workers “are defeated by unfavourable conditions” and those in the fourth class live in “complete neglect”. With the kitchen-cum-living-rooms set up in the Ruhrland Museum, which are shown and described in the film in an impressive way, a direct insight is offered into the workers’ lives. Furthermore, work in heavy industry and mining, the strict reign of the employers as well as the changes in social policy and the workers’ fight for their rights are discussed.

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Remembrance or Oblivion

The DVD provides an overview of the setting up of the concentration camps in the vicinity of Mühldorf on the Inn. Thousands of prisoners worked there from 1944 up to the end of World War II, building an arms bunker. It was planned as a production site for a jet plane that – as a wonder weapon – was believed to bring about the decisive turn-around in the war. The camp of Mettenheim and Forest Camp V were orga- nisationally linked to the main camp of Dachau as additional camps. The arms bunker was never completed, but blown up after the end of the war and now, as a ruin, reminds us of the „extermination through work“ associated with its construction. With the example of Mühldorf, the film documents how we can obtain information today on a long ignored part of our his- tory, how we can build memorials and remember the victims in a dignified way. Contemporary witnesses emphasise how important it is for the future to remember National Socialism. Our young people, who grow up in times of an ever-increas- ing temporal distance to the holocaust, must be warned against letting something similar happen again.

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Ways to Democracy

This film shows the most important stages on the way to the development of democracy in Germany. It begins with the foundation (1792) and quick end (1793) of the Republic of Mainz in the course of the French Revolution, gives an account of the Hambacher Fest in the pre-March era and the failed revolution of 1848/49, contemplates the democratic development in the German empire and the late realisation of the first German democratic national state in the Republic of Weimar. Other important steps are the erosion of the Weimar constitution after 1933, Germany’s transformation into the national socialist dictatorship and World War II as well as the formation of different democratic models in West Germany and East Germany after 1945. Finally, it is described where the rules of democracy can be explained and practiced today and what current dangers there are to the democratic system of government. The aim is to make pupils aware of the fact that democracy must not be taken for granted – it is a historical legacy that we always have to safeguard.

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The Holocaust Memorial

The film “A German Memorial – How to Commemorate Six Million Murdered Jews” gives an insight into the two concepts of this memorial – each deeply impressive in its very own way. This thirty-minute documentary takes the viewer on a virtual tour of the Field of Stelae and the Information Centre. You will be immersed in the intensive atmosphere of the rooms, experience the visitors’ reactions and receive background information on the development and conceptual design of the memorial from the initiator Lea Rosh, the historians involved and the exhibition designer Dagmar von Wilcken. For the sound recording of the film, an unusual concept was implemented: there is no off-camera commentary, instead original sounds and interviews form the acoustic “backbone” of the documentation. The visitors’ voices reflect the different opinions on and impressions of the memorial, the historians talk about the contents of the exhibition and describe their experiences. These direct comments create a feeling of closeness. They convey the emotions the memorial stirs up in all those who take a closer look at it.

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The Egyptian Book of the Dead

The notions described in the texts and pictures of the Book of the Dead are central to the ancient Egyptian belief in an afterlife – the belief in resurrection and life after death. In order to be granted passage to the “Realm of the Blessed”, the deceased first have to justify themselves before the Court of Death and give account that they have led their lives according to the laws of Maat – the order of the universe and justice. The Book of the Dead lists the names of the judges at the Court of Death, who the dead must appeal to and convince of their innocence. Further, it contains a plethora of magical texts for the protection of the deceased and describes the places in the underworld. These texts were inscribed on papyri, coffins and numerous burial objects like canopic jars, uschebtis or mummy masks so that they were available to the deceased at any time. After all, they describe their transformation from mortals to glorified god-like beings who would live eternally.

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Battle of the Nations

From 16th to 19th October 1813 the allies Austria, Prussia, Russia and Sweden inflicted the decisive defeat on the French army, thus breaking the supremacy of Napoleon over Europe. In the first mass combat in modern times more than half a million soldiers from all parts of Europe fought for the political future and the territorial division of the continent. The Battle of the Nations went down in history as the biggest and bloodiest battle until the First World War. The film tells the story of this crushing blow to Napoleon. With exciting footage, filmed during the historical re-enactment of the Battle on the occasion of its 200th anniversary, and numerous interviews history is brought to life again. Together with the extensive teaching material in the data section the DVD is perfectly suited for use in the classroom.

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